Yamaha RZ350: RZinger
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Yamaha RZ350: RZinger

By BikeReview - 27 October 2020

Words: Jimmi Walker Pics: BikeReview.com.au

Launched in 1983, the RZ350 was developed from Yamaha’s RD350LC, which in turn was a direct descendant of the highly successful air-cooled RD350, itself descended from the R5 of the early ’70s.

The RZ350 YPVS was the first of the modern era of two-stroke race replicas.

The RZ350 can best be described in the vernacular as ‘a proper little goer’. With water-cooling and Yamaha’s new YPVS (Yamaha Power Valve System), this diminutive bike could embarrass bikes with more than twice its capacity. Strangely, the first models were supplied without a thermostat in the cooling system and many were retrofitted as they ran too cool, even in Australia.

The first model, this one, had bikini fairing while the 1984 onwards had full fairings.

The YPVS consisted of a microprocessor-controlled servo-motor, which in turn controlled a spool-shaped exhaust port valve that allowed continually variable port timing. But if that all sounds too technical it simply means that Yamaha had found a way of extracting more power from the engine at peak revs without losing any low-down grunt.

YPVS (Yamaha Power Valve System) changed exhaust port timing to optimise the power curve.

Indeed the ’70s hooligan bike had got a new lease on life and almost twice the ponies of its grandad, a power to weight ratio of 2.84kg per hp goes someway to highlighting its legendary giant killing capabilities.

With modern styling and GP technology, the RZ350 took the world by storm and was way ahead of Suzuki and Kawasaki for the first few years.

This was truly performance for the masses, but power is nothing without control so Yamaha gave the new bike a perimeter frame and updated suspension to tame the 50-odd bucking stallions in its motor. It also wins in the looks department: definitely a lean, mean wheelie machine.

The RZ had a centre-stand, highlighting Yamaha’s intention for the bike to be practical.

In many countries, these bikes were known as RDs, but in North America and Australia they were called RZs.

First model clocks were mounted to the top triple-clamp.
The RZ was known for its comfort and a wide range of abilities from touring to racing to commuting.

There were several models during the lifespan of the RZ350: 1985 RZ350F; 1986-92 RZ350F2, N, and NF; and the 1992-5 RZ350RR that was produced in Brazil. The cognoscenti reckon the build quality of the Brazilian models was inferior to the Japanese-built ones. A version of the engine without YPVS was used in Yamaha's Banshee ATV.

The owner enjoying his pride and joy before the COVID-19 era.

Richard has owned this little gem for about a decade after spending four months in his shed rebuilding what was an original, if somewhat abused example. He cites many sources of info that helped him with this, his first, resto but most of all the small but highly knowledgeable core of Australian two-stroke nutters.

Aftermarket alloy swingarm looks trick

Funnily enough, he told me that while on his honeymoon he grabbed a copy of Rapid Bikes and saw a K-model RZ featured in it that obviously laid the seed of an idea that ended up in the machine you see here.

The round headlight and bikini fairing was quickly outdated but most fans prefer it to the full fairing look.

Having owned one of these when he was at uni, Richard (in his own words) became ‘drunk with nostalgia’

The bike came into Richard’s possession via a well-known auction site and looked the part. On closer inspection when it arrived, it was obvious that this RZ350 would need a fair bit of work.

18in wheel and twin disc brakes
18i rear tyre and this one has aftermarket mufflers.

Off came the one-piece head to reveal one piston was 1mm oversize whilst the other was stock. Among other things, this spurred Richard on to do the job properly. First was a new crank sourced from the States, which turned out cheaper than rebuilding the original. Wossner forged pistons were fitted along with new billet power valves and fibre reeds from TSS in Queensland. All the engine work was carried out by Deet at RGV Spares, whom Richard reckons is a magician and potty about strokers.

Single piece cylinder-head, cast alloy barrels, single crank.

The chassis also came in for attention, gaining a much-needed steering damper (Richard’s previous experience with tankslappers prompted this!), a remote-reservoir Penske rear shock followed mated to a Metmachex low-brace swingarm. Rich gave his forks to Promecha to wave their magic wand at and raves at the improvement in the bike’s handling.

Early examples ran too cool so had a thermostat retro fitted even in Australia.

So that was the going and steering bit dealt with but as trying to stop on old knackered brakes tends to have a laxative effect, Richard decided he’d better sort them out. An R6 front master cylinder was fitted along with petal rotors and Hel braided lines, the rear brake receiving the same treatment. Though he admits they’ll never be as good as modern brakes, they’re 100 per cent better than stock. Anyway, as the bike was to look as original as possible the normal upgrade of twin-piston calipers was out.

The 350 and 250 barrels were interchangeable meaning many 250 rego bikes (Learner) were upgraded to 350cc.

Richard did toy with the idea of a Kenny Roberts signature paint job but as most of the bike’s paint was pretty good he opted for the stock look. In fact, the only things that needed repair were the cockpit fairing and the front guard that were aptly dealt with by Melbourne Motorcycle Fairings. All the other detail work being handled by the owner himself, which he assures me was therapeutic. See, doing this sort of stuff even helps your state of health!

This example has a fork brace.
A steering damper has been fitted to control any unwanted tankslappers.

So there you have it, one of my personal favourites brought back to life by a true enthusiast. Richard’s next project is an ’85 GSXR. Keep up the good work mate; we won’t mention the TZR…

Monoshock rear suspension and 18in wheels.



Red, white or blue. Kenny Roberts yellow with speed blocks only available in the US




34.4ftlbs @7500rpm






Steel perimeter frame


Kayaba adjustable forks

Penske fully adjustable shock]


Twin single-piston calipers acting on 267mm front rotors

Single-piston caliper and 267mm rear rotor

Protect your Yamaha. Call Shannons Insurance on 13 46 46 to get a quote today.