2019 Shannons Melbourne Spring Classic Auction
1984 Toyota Land Cruiser HJ60 4L Diesel Wagon
|Engine||4.0 litre six-cylinder diesel|
This lot is no longer available
An iconic name in the history of off-road vehicles, Toyota's Land Cruiser evolved from a vehicle designed to fulfil an order by the US military during the Korean War in 1951. The first civilian version, the 20 series, gave way to the classic 40 in 1960, with numerous improvements designed to give the Land Cruiser broader appeal and more versatility. Sold with unbreakable four-cylinder diesel or six-cylinder petrol engines, the Landcruiser proved hugely popular in the United States and many other export markets, including Australia where the model was first seen being used in the Snowy Mountains Scheme. Variants included the short-wheelbase J40, mid-size J43 and long-wheelbase J45 and by the 1970s the Land Cruiser was considered a serious contender to the likes of Land Rover in the off-road stakes. By 1980 Toyota had introduced the 60 series which, while retaining the rugged off-road characteristics of previous Land Cruisers, was designed to better compete in the emerging SUV market. It was a four-door wagon which could seat five to eight people, and featured create comforts like air conditioning, a rear heater and an upgraded interior. The HJ60's "2F" petrol engine was left unchanged from the "40" series while the six-cylinder 4.0 litre 2H and the four-cylinder 3.4 litre 3B diesel engines were added to the lineage. In 1985 a Direct-injection 12H-T turbodiesel engine was also introduced, while in 1988 the petrol engine was upgraded to a 4.0 litre 3F-E EFI engine. Transmission options were a five-speed H55F manual or four-speed A440F automatic. The Land Cruiser HJ60-series was produced from 1980 through 1990 for most markets, although the Cumana Plant in Venezuela continued production until 1992 for their local market.